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SPM Biology (Past Exam Papers)

  1. Year 2018 (Paper 2)

Form 4 Biology

01 Introduction to Biology

 02 Cell Structure

Structured Questions

  1. Cell Structure and Function | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Cell Organisation | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Cell Structure and Function | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3
  2. Cell Organisation | Part 1 | Part 2

03 Movement across Plasma Membrane

  1. The Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane
    1. Passive Transport – Simple Diffusion
    2. Passive Transport – Osmosis
    3. Passive Transport – Facilitated Diffusion
    4. Active Transport
  2. The Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane in Everyday Life
    1. Hypotonic Solution
    2. Isotonic Solution
    3. Hypertonic Solution
  3. Appreciating the Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane

Structured Questions

  1. Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane in Everyday Life | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3
  2. Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane in Everyday Life | Part 1 | Part 2

04 Chemical Composition of the Cell

  1. The Chemical Composition of the Cell
  2. Carbohydrates
    1. Monosaccharide
    2. Disaccharide
    3. Polysacharide
  3. Proteins
  4. Lipids
  5. Enzymes
  6. The Importance of Chemical Composition in Cells

Structured Questions

  1. Proteins | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Enzymes | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Chemical Composition of the Cell | Part 1
  2. Carbohydrate | Part 1 | Part 2
  3. Proteins | Part 1 | Part 2
  4. Lipids | Part 1
  5. Enzymes | Part 1

05 Meiosis and Mitosis

Structured Questions

  1. Mitosis Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Meiosis Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Mitosis Part 1
  2. Meiosis Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

06 Nutrition

  1. The Types of Nutrition
  2. The Concept of a Balanced Diet
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Food Digestion
    1. Digestion in the Mouth and Stomach
    2. Digestion in the Small Intestine
  5. The Process of Absorption and Assimilation of Digested Food
    1. Functions of the Liver and Assimilation
  6. The Formation of Faeces and Defecation
  7. Photosynthesis
  8. The Mechanism of Photosynthesis

Structured Questions

  1. Malnutrition | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Food Digestion | Questions 1 & 2 
  3. The Machanism of Photosynthesis | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Balanced Diet | Part 1
  2. Malnutrition | Part 1
  3. Food Digestion | Part 1
  4. Absorption and Assimilation | Part 1
  5. The Machanism of Photosynthesis | Part 1
  6. Factors Affecting Photosynthesis | Part 1

07 Respiration

Structured Questions

  1. The Respiratory Process in Energy Production | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. Respiratory Structure and Breathing Mechanisms in Humans and Animals | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. The Respiratory Process | Part 1
  2. Respiratory Mechanisms in Humans and Animals | Part 1 | Part 2
  3. Gaseous Exchange in Humans | Part 1

08 Dynamic Ecosystem

Structured Questions

  1. The Abiotic and Biotic Components of the Environment | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

    1. The Abiotic and Biotic Components of the Environment | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4
    2. The Process of Colonisation and Sucession in an Ecosystem | Part 1

09 Endangered Ecosystem

  1. Human Activities that Endanger the Ecosystem
  2. The Greenhouse Effect and Thinning of the Ozone Layer
  3. The Importance of Proper Management of Development Activities and the Ecosystem

Structured Questions

  1. Human Activities that Endangered an Ecosystem | Questions 1 & 2 


Form 5 Biology

01 Transport

  1. The Importance of Transport System in Multicellular Organisms
  2. The Concept of Circulatory System
    1. Composition of Human Blood
    2. Function of Blood in Transport
    3. Function of Haemolymph in Transport
    4. Types of Circulatory System
    5. Circulatory System in Humans
      1. The Blood Vessels
      2. The Heart
      3. Circulation of Blood in Humans
    6. Regulation of Blood Pressure
  3. Blood Clotting
    1. Mechanism of Blood Clotting
    2. Consequences of Blood Clotting Related Problem
  4. The Lymphatic System
    1. Formation of the Interstitial Fluid and Lymph
    2. Structure of the Lymphatic System
    3. Relationship between the Composition of Blood, Interstitial Fluid and Lymph
    4. Relationship between the Lymphatic System and the Circulatory System
  5. The Role of Circulatory System in Body Defence Mechanism

Structured Questions

  1. The Mechanism of Blood Clotting | Questions 1 & 2 
  2. The Lymphatic System | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. The Concept of Circulatory System | Part 1
  2. The Mechanism of Blood Clotting | Part 1
  3. The Role of Circulatory System in Body Defense Mechanism | Part 1 | Part 2

02 Support and Locomotion

  1. Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals
    1. The human skeleton
  2. Appreciate a Healthy Musculoskeletal System
  3. Support System in Plants

Structured Questions

  1. Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals | Part 1 | Part 2
  2. Appreciating Healthy Musculoskeletal System | Part 1
  3. Support System in Plants | Part 1

03 Coordination and Response

  1. Response and Coordination
  2. The Role of Human Nervous System
  3. The Role of Hormones in Humans
  4. Homeostasis in Humans
    1. The human kidney
    2. The formation of urine
  5. Practising a Healthy Lifestyle 
  6. Plant Hormones
    1. The role of auxins in the tropic movements in plants
    2. Ethylene

Structured Questions

  1. The Role of Human Nervous System | Questions 1 & 2 

Objective Questions

  1. The Role of the Human Nervous System | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4
  2. The Role of Hormones in Humans | Part 1
  3. Homeostasis in Humans | Part 1 | Part 2

04 Reproduction and Growth

  1. Gamete Formation
  2. Role of Hormones in the Menstrual Cycle
  3. Early Development of Zygote in Humans
  4. Contribution of Science and Technology to Human Reproduction
  5. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  6. Growth in Multicellular Organisms
  7. Growth Curve
  8. Primary and Secondary Growth in Plants

Structured Questions

  1. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants | Questions 1 & 2 

05 Inheritance

  1. The Concept of Inheritance Based on Mendel's Experiment
  2. Inheritance
  3. Genes and Chromosomes

06 Variation

  1. Variation in Organisms
  2. Cause of Variation
  3. Be Respectful Towards One Another Despite Variation