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- Monosacharides are monomers of carbohydrates.
- Examples of monosacharides are:
- Glucose — found in plants and animals (It is the energy source for cellular respiration)
- Fructose — found in fruits and honey
- Galactose — present in milk
- They are reducing sugars, they can remove oxygen from other compounds..
- They can be detected by using Fehling’s or Benedict’s test.
- When monosaccharides are heated with Fehling’s or Benedict’s solution, they will reduce the blue copper(II) sulphate in the two solutions to a brick red precipitate.