Formative Practice 8.2 (Form 5 Biology Textbook Exercise and Answer)

Question 1:
Explain ecosystem diversity, species diversity and genetic diversity.

Ecosystem diversity refers to the biotic community and ecological process in ecosystems on the land, in the sea and other aquatic environments. Species diversity refers to the variation and variability of organisms on Earth. Genetic diversity refers to the genes variation of an individual within a population and the genes variation between different populations of the same species.

Question 2:
Why do biologists use phylogenetic trees?

To show the evolutionary relationship and history of a biological species.

Question 3:
What is your role in preserving and conserving biodiversity in Malaysia?

By making structured and sustainable development plans so that forests are not cut down and deforestation does not occur; avoid products made from animal hide or body parts that are thought to have medicinal value.

Question 4:
State two importance of biodiversity towards humans.

As a source of research and development; A sanctuary for wildlife and endemic life; to maintain environmental temperature; provide food to humans and animals; provide raw materials and medicinal products to humans; generate income for the population and the country (Any two importance)

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